Government Work Report：Making Beijing a World City
Text by Jin Yan
Beijing Mayor Guo Jinlong outlined the key tasks to be undertaken by the Beijing Municipal Government in 2010, the final year of the 11th Five-Year Programme, in his Government Work Report to the Third Session of the 13th Beijing Municipal People’s Congress held from January 25 to 30, 2010. Guo also summed up the work done in 2009.
According to the Report, the municipal government in 2010 will strive to
• Ensure 9 percent growth in the regional gross domestic product (GDP);
• Limit the urban registered unemployment rate to 2.3 percent or less;
• Raise the real incomes of urban and rural residents by 6 percent;
• Limit consumer price inflation to 3 percent or less;
• Increase local fiscal revenues by 9 percent;
• And decrease energy and water consumption per 10,000 yuan (US$1,470.60) of GDP by 4 percent.
In the final year of the 11th Five-Year Programme (2006–2010), Beijing, as State capital, will continue its quest to become a vibrant world city that meets the requirements of the State and the people. Seven main tasks will be fulfilled in this work, but the first among them is ensuring smooth and rapid economic development.
Smooth, Rapid Economic Development Tops All Tasks
The government will continue to use moderate levels of government spending and investment to stimulate domestic consumer demand; it will also continue its support for the private economic sector and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), while improving the market environment and reinforcing factors favouring stable growth of the capital’s economy.
The Beijing Municipal Government will:
• Increase retail sales by 12 percent
In 2010, Beijing will strive for all-round development into an international trade centre. The city will develop e-marketplaces for bulk commodities; promote the development of a 100-billion-yuan trade market; strengthen its position as a leading city in service outsourcing and become a global research-and-development (R&D) outsourcing centre.
• Strive to make the tourism a major sector in Beijing’s industrial establishment
The municipality will stage at least one or two large tourism performance projects and carry out the construction of five modern rural tourism valleys and three new clusters focused on rural tourism. Under agreements between Beijing and Tianjin municipalities, Beijing will gradually expand this regional cooperation to the Asia-Pacific Region in scope; it will construct a global-oriented Web site focused on Beijing tourism and continue to develop both its domestic and international markets.
• Stabilize investment in real estate development and housing market
It will continue to preserve land; complete its mission of investing 100 billion yuan (US$14.7 billion) in land development and investment and development of 4,000 hectares of land to create conditions for industrial upgrading and the settlement of high-end elements. It will increase the supply of housing for low and moderate income citizens; guide real estate enterprises in speeding up the sales of housing already built but held in reserve in expectation of higher future housing prices.
Speed Up Transformation of Economic Development Mode
Beijing will optimize its first, strengthen its second and enlarge its third (tertiary) industrial structures; construct the Zhongguancun National Innovation Model Park; speed up the construction of key functional areas; vigorously develop new strategic industries; promote energy-savings and emissions reductions and continuously improve the quality and level of economic development.
• Construct a scientific and technological innovation centre with global influence
The Zhongguancun Development Group Company will be set up. It will, relying on the core areas in Haidian and Changping districts in western and northern Beijing, plan the integration and spatial resources of a Future Science and Technology City, Software Park, Life-Sciences Park, Environmental Protection Park and the Yongfeng Industrial Base; focus governmental property investment of at least 10 billion yuan (US$14.7 billion) on a group of enterprises with good growth potential and major scientific and technological achievements in their industrialization projects within five years.
• Create a new high-tech manufacturing cluster in southern Beijing
Advance the integration of the administrative resources of the Beijing Economic-Technological Development Area (BDA) and Daxing District in southern Beijing to expand the leading role of the BDA and push the joint development of the Zhongguancun Science Park Fengtai Park, Daxing Bio-Pharmaceutical Industry Base and the Tongzhou Optical Electromechanical Integration Base.
• Develop new-energy vehicles
Strive to exploit purely electrically powered passenger vehicles and to develop hybrid power passenger and business vehicles. In 2010, Beijing will purchase 1,000 electrically powered vehicles for use in its sanitation fleet and 200 energy-saving, environmentally friendly buses. It will support the development of strategic new industries with proprietary intellectual property rights and prosperous market potential such as medium-speed and low-speed “maglev” (magnetic levitation) transportation systems.
Intensify Urban and Rural Development
The city will continue to strengthen its preferential agricultural policy, speeding up the reform and development of rural and urban-rural areas and the building of the new cities outlined in the municipality’s “multiple-centre” development plan. It will continue implementation of the Action Plan for Speeding up the Development of the Southern Region in Beijing and the construction of ecological conservation development areas; it will promote the integration of urban and rural areas under coordinated regional development.
• Urbanise 50 key villages
After summing up and promoting the experience of Beiwu Village in Haidian District, Dawangjing Village and Jiugong Township, the municipality will begin urbanizing 50 key villages in an all-round but strictly controlled and legal way; it will increase the construction of housing for rent, and will improve urban-style social management and public services in these areas.
• Focus on the development of Tongzhou New City
In 2010, the city will intensify the development of Tongzhou District using domestic and overseas resources to develop a world-level Tongzhou New City, thereby creating a pattern for other planned new cities.
• Action Plan for Speeding up the Development of the Southern Region in Beijing
Taking infrastructural development as the key, the municipality will invest 290 billion yuan (US$42.64 billion) in three years and implement in a highly coordinated way a number of projects concerning transportation, city planning, public service projects, dilapidated building transformation and energy projects for residents to improve the development environment in the city’s southern and southwestern areas.
Promoting Sustainable Development
Beijing will stick to the development strategy that the public transportation is a priority, enforce the prevention and control of pollution, strengthen conservation of the natural resources and energy and optimize urban services management.
• Mass transit system to handle 40 percent of urban travel
The city will construct 12 rail-transit lines, to complete and open the Yizhuang Line (from Songjiazhuang, the southern terminal of Beijing Subway Line 5 to the Yizhuang Railway Station in Daxing District) and the Daxing Line (from Gongyixiqiao in Fengtai District to Tiangongyuan in Daxing District) and the Fangshan Line (connecting Fangshan and Fengtai districts), the Changping Line (connecting Ming Tombs area with subway Line 13) and Line 15 (phase I, connecting Haidian and Shunyi districts by way of Chaoyang District) with an operating length of 300 kilometres and strive to ensure that nass transit system will handle up to 40 percent of the inner-city travel.
• “Zero waste”
The municipality will begin developing a resource- recycling-based economy park at Liangjiawu in Tongzhou District to showcase ways of turning wastes into resources. Using the world’s most advanced and mature technologies, the municipality will accelerate the construction of five waste burning plant before 2015.
• Strengthen the protection of natural resources and energy
Study, using a strategic perspective, the construction of a water-saving city; begin the gas project in key towns and complete gas-pipe laying for 50,000 residents living in old buildings in Central Beijing.
• Optimize the management of urban services
Study issues related to population size, structure and distribution; explore the establishment of an integrated regulatory mechanism and through the easing of the urban functions, upgrading of the industrial structure and the layout adjustment, to promote the orderly migration and reasonable distribution of the population; encourage property management integration with the building of communities; study the introduction of third-party monitoring mechanisms to promote the healthy and orderly development of the property management industry; establish a long-term urban risk management mechanism; strengthen primary emergency management and improve the city’s ability to respond to natural disasters and unexpected public safety incidents.
Improve the People’s Livelihoods
The city will do everything possible to steadily expand employment; speed up the establishment of urban-rural integration of the social security system; promote the coordinated development of education; advance the development of medical and health services; develop cultural and sports undertakings; and ensure housing security so that the people will get more benefit from the country’s reform and opening processes.
• Create 360,000 new jobs
Establish a unified platform for the human resources market and public-employment services; build up a skilled-labourer training system for fixed industries and companies; optimize long-term mechanisms to help graduates, unemployed people and migrant workers so they may obtain employment; create 360,000 new jobs in the urban area.
• Integrate urban and rural medical insurance programmes
Focus on integrating medical insurance programmes for rural residents, the elderly, children and the unemployed to expand social security coverage.
• Control housing price increases
Make sure that more than 50 percent of the residential housing land supply is for small- and medium-sized housing and that more than 50 percent of the new apartments should be reserved for low- and medium-income buyers. Already, 134,000 units have been built and are ready for purchase; 46,000 units are ready for occupancy.
• Continue support for reform and opening-up
The city will, in light of the changes in international and domestic situations, deepen the reform of administrative examination and approval systems, State-owned enterprises and social undertakings and continue to improve economic opening.
• Normalizing green channels
The municipality will deepen the reform of its administrative examination and approval system; build a comprehensive service platform and normalize green channels for approvals. It will enrich and optimize city-level administrative services halls; integrate the approval function of various departments to provide more complete and quicker services for enterprises and the public.
• Raise the level of internationalization
The municipality will strive to attract and cultivate headquarters enterprises, international organizations and institutions; encourage overseas Chinese to participate in the construction of the capital; attract and encourage high-end international conferences, exhibitions and events to hold events in Beijing and expand the capital’s international influence.
The municipality will enhance its residents’ civilization and the quality of urban life; it will improve the level of social construction and management. It will implement the Party’s ethnic and religious policies so as to enhance the maintenance the capital’s stability.
• Enhance the city’s urban civilization
Beijing will promote its “Love the Capital, Stressing Civilization, Fostering New Practices” activity. It will vigorously promote improvements in social and professional ethics, family values and personal qualities.
• Establish mechanisms to resolve conflicts
In accordance with requirements of getting control from the very beginning, clearing up the old cases, setting up mechanisms and strengthening the grass roots, the city will conduct risk assessments of major policy decisions; establish coordinated mechanisms to resolve conflicts and work to prevent and properly dispose of all kinds of mass affairs.
• “A quarter of an hour convenient-living circle” pilot
The municipality will attack and solve problems concerning community office and service space; accelerate the construction of street, town, community and rural service centres; and promote the building of “a quarter of an hour convenient-living circle” pilot.
In the Beijing Government Work Report, in 2009, based on preliminary accounting, Beijing’s regional gross GDP rose to 1,186.59 billion yuan (US$174.50 billion), an increase of 10.1 percent year-on-year, with its per-capita GDP exceeding US$10,000. Beijing collected local fiscal revenues of 202.68 billion yuan (US$29.8 billion), an increase of 10.3 percent. The registered urban unemployment rate was 1.44 percent. The per capita disposable income of urban residents was 26,738 yuan (US$3932.10), and the per capita net income of famers was 11,986 yuan (US$1,762.60), increases of 9.7 percent and 13.4 percent.
Preparation for the National Day Celebrations
The 60th Anniversary of New China celebration was a success. Organizing the celebration of the 60th Anniversary of the Founding of New China was yet another important assignment given Beijing in the wake of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. Under the leadership of the Central Leading Group for the National Day Celebration and the city’s National Day Celebration Preparatory Committee, Beijing made full use of the Olympic experience, staged a “high-quality and innovative” celebration.
Capital Economy Developed
Although hit by the global financial crisis at the beginning of 2009, Beijing’s economy maintained its smooth and rapid development.
• Land reserves, supplies
The municipality created a large governmental land reserve and completed a survey and inventory of all first-level land in the city, assessing its value at about 116.5 billion yuan (US$171.32 billion), thereby laying a good foundation for proper control of the land supply, the improvement of the urban and rural environment and for the promotion of valuable construction projects.
• Retail sales
Sales of consumer goods rose to 530.99 billion yuan (US$78.07 billion), an increase of 15.7 percent; the sales volume of the commercial residential housing area increased by 82.3 percent; the sales volume of motor vehicles increased by 30.8 percent; income from tourism increased by 10 percent to 244.21 billion yuan (US$35.91 billion).
Economic Structural Adjustment
• The municipality will speed up the promotion of scientific innovation
It will establish platforms for four industries, including bio-medicines and new materials; jointly set up 12 R&D experimental service bases with the organizations of the central government; and speed up the establishment of 30 industrial leagues. The licensing volume of patents citywide grew 29.1 percent and technological contract turnovers increased by 20.4 percent.
• High-end industry improved
The municipality signed strategic cooperation agreements with 24 central ministries and organizations and established a comprehensive service platform. The BOE TFT-LCD and the China National Aviation Industrial Park projects were launched. Producer services and cultural and creative industries grew by 9.8 percent and 11.2 percent; the proportion of tertiary industry in the city’s overall industrial mix rose to 75.8 percent.
• Beijing led the nation in energy-savings and emissions reductions
Beijing updated or discarded 106,000 yellow-labelled cars; supported the formation of a “green fleet”; and purchased 1,000 energy-saving and environmentally friendly buses. It renovated about 3.92 million square metres of urban buildings to achieve energy-savings, and 16,000 rural residents’ houses were made warmer while achieving energy-savings.
• The integration of the urban and rural areas contributed
The urban and rural integration reform pilot in Beiwu Village in Haidian District and Dawangjing village achieved breakthroughs. The city published its Action Plan for Speeding up the Development of the Southern Region in Beijing and the plan for the development of Yongding River ecological area in Fengtai District; and it seriously surveyed opinion concerning the construction of New Cities and ecological areas.
Reform of Key Fields, Key Links Accelerated
• Administrative reform intensified
Beijing completed the institutional reform of the entire municipality, including districts and counties; it optimized the 19 municipal departments and reduced the municipal coordinating body and 27 provisional institutions. The municipal departments revoked a total of 24 items subjected to approval and decentralized 103 items of administrative examination and approval authority.
• Actively promoted reforms of rural business
The municipality established municipal and county-level information platforms for the transfer of agricultural land and carried out pilot projects concerning collective forest right system reform. Three hundred and forty-six units have completed the reform of rural collective economic property right system.
• Vigorously promoted financial reform and innovation
The municipality persuaded various real estate investment trusts, consumer finance companies, provincial investment and financing platforms to participate in pilot programmes concerning debt management and financing. Exchanges for technology, forest rights, copyrights and food opened; factor markets were improved.
• The reform of State-owned enterprises progressed
The municipality implemented six key restructuring projects including that of the Beijing Tourism Group and the Beijing Capital Agribusiness Group; completed the closure of 125 inferior enterprises; listed seven new companies and the profit margin of municipal State-owned enterprises increased by 59.5 percent.
Practical Problems in Residents' Lives Addressed
• Strengthened the work concerning employment and social security
The municipality introduced 15 policies to promote the employment of college graduates; created more than 10,000 grass-roots social management, public service and teaching and research positions so that the employment rate of college graduates was 96.4 percent. It started to issue Social Security Cards and 192 designated medical institutions have achieved real-time settlements for medical treatments.
• The development of social undertakings
The municipality steadily implemented the reform of “performance pay” for teachers of primary and secondary schools; completed the standardization of 200 primary school buildings; and renovated the teachers’ dormitories of 300 primary and secondary schools. About 95.7 percent of the rural residents joined the new rural cooperative medical insurance programme; cultural activity centres and digital film halls have been established in every administrative village.
• The level of urban construction management was raised
Rail transit operating length increased to 228 kilometres, 280.2 kilometres more are under construction; the yearly transport capacity reached 6.59 billion people, the ratio of public transport trips increased to 38.9 percent. The days of grade II and above air quality in urban areas increased to 78.1 percent.